Electric Fence for Horses
Invisible fencing does not work well with horses as they are likely to get tangled in the wires that are barely visible. Wooden or concrete barriers are dangerous, because the horse might try and break them if it is determined to go out. Horses act on instincts when they panic and get themselves seriously injured.
Electric fences have been criticized for being painful to animals. Yet, one can’t deny the fact that they are very much effective in keeping animals, like horses and dogs, inside the yard, where they are safe.
Modern fences come in broader braids and colored ribbons in order to provide better visibility. They have three components …
- Electric Fence Wire: It carries the electric charge across the fence. It is the ‘active’ or hot part, and is located above the ground.
- Energizer: Energizer generates the electric charge and pushes it through the fence. This power is delivered in a series of pulses, which are transmitted per second to comply with the safety standards. Continuous pulses are not generated so as to give the horse some time to free itself from the fence.
- Ground System: It comprises metal rods that are dug inside the ground. It is the ‘inactive’ part in the assembly, which only becomes active when the circuit is completed; or in other words, whenever the animal touches the fence.
The working principle of this fence is fairly simple; the circuit completes only when the horse comes in contact with the fence and ground. The energizer and ground system have a gap between them, which prevents the circuit from completing. The horse touches the fence and the circuit is completed, allowing the charge to pass. This charge flows through the body of the horse, resulting in a mild shock. Though the shock is not very painful, it is enough to startle the animal and prevent it from coming anywhere near the fence in future.
The cost incurred on installing an electric fence will depend on the perimeter of your yard. On an average, it will cost you anywhere between 48 to 75 cents per foot. While critics call for a ban on this system citing the pain it causes to the animal, horse-keepers do vouch for the safety and effectiveness of this fencing.