Penguins are well-adapted to the chilly and marine atmosphere. These birds have a water-resistant coat of thick feathers and a definite layer of fats to resist the cruel weather conditions of Antarctica. Owing to their agility, they make glorious swimmers, with some species recorded as in a position to dive to an astounding depth of 500 meters.
Not all penguins are indigenous to the Antarctic; as an illustration: one species, the Galapagos Penguin, is discovered close to the equator.
Penguins fall below the umbrella household Spheniscidae. The dwelling species are present in various localities below totally different circumstances. The environmental circumstances play an important position of their weight loss plan and habitat.
An in depth description of every species’ weight loss plan, vary, and habitat, offers you a transparent concept of how they dwell.
Diet of Penguin
» Fish – Lanternfish primarily of the species Electrona carlsbergi, Krefftichthys anderssoni, and Protomyctophum tenisoni, slender escolar of the Gempylidae household, and Mackerel icefish
» Cephalopods – the Sevenstar Flying Squid, big warty squid, Gonatus antarcticus
» Crustaceans – Krill and different crustaceans
Fish type the primary a part of their weight loss plan (80 to 100%) for nearly your entire 12 months. Within the months of July and August, fish make up solely 30% of their whole weight loss plan. Looking for meals, they’ll dive to depths of as much as 200 meters repeatedly.
Range and Habitat of Penguin
King penguins are discovered within the temperate waters of the islands within the Subantarctic areas, within the northern shores of Antarctica, South Georgia, and different temperate components of the area. Its subspecies, A. p. patagonicus is discovered within the South Atlantic.